abduction - movement of a body apart away from the midline of the body
flexion - bringing the forearm toward the trunk
Extension - bring the forearm away from the trunk
Transverse plane - plane in which forward and backward movements of the body and body segemnts occur
Shoulder joint - glenoid labrum meets the acromium
Elevation - raising of the scapula
shoulder girdle - composed of the scapula and clavicle along with the joints.
longitudinal axis - imaginary line around which the transverse plane rotates around
Frontal plane - plane in which lateral movements of the body and body segments occur
anteroposterior axis - imaginary line around which frontal plane rotations occur
Ulanar deviation - bringing down of the ulna
supination - twisting of the ulna radial joint, palm facing up
pronation - twisting of the ulna radial joint, palm facing down
ulna radial joint - where the ulna and radial meet the wrist.
mediolateral axis - imaginary line in which sagittal plane rotations occur
plantar flexion - bending the ankle downwards
dorsiflexion - bending the ankle upwards
Adducting - movement of a body part towards the midline of the body
hyperextension - bring of a body part beyond normal limits.
center of gravity - point around which a body weight is equally balanced, no matter how the body is positioned.
internal rotation - brining of the forearm when elbow is flexed towards the body
external rotation - brinign of the forearm when the elbow is flxed away from the body